Each sentence below has one or two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Beneath the sentence are five words or sets of words labeled A through E. Choose the word or set of words that, when inserted in the sentence, best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

1. The writer came to be labeled ------- because she isolated herself in her apartment, shunning outside contact.
(A) a loner (B) a miser (C) a connoisseur (D) a conspirator (E) an ingénue
Answer: A

2. Only after the campaign volunteers became aware of their candidate’s questionable motives could they recognize the ------- statements made in his seemingly ------- speeches.
(A) insightful . . astute
(B) partisan . . callous
(C) cordial . . hostile
(D) duplicitous . . candid
(E) cunning . . surreptitious
Answer: D

3. Geysers vary widely: some may discharge -------, whereas others may have only a brief explosive eruption and then remain ------- for hours or days.
(A) violently . . dangerous
(B) continuously . . quiescent
(C) spontaneously . . unpredictable
(D) regularly . . active
(E) faintly . . imperceptible
Answer: B

4. No longer narrowly preoccupied with their own national pasts, historians are increasingly ------- in
that they often take a transnational perspective.
(A) conciliatory (B) bombastic (C) mendacious (D) cosmopolitan (E) jocular
Answer: D

5. Some Tibetan nomads used yak butter as a -------, one that often took the place of money in commercial transactions.
(A) promotion (B) commodity (C) formula (D) refund (E) register
Answer: B

The following sentences test correctness and effectiveness of expression. Part of each sentence or the entire sentence is underlined; beneath each sentence are five ways of phrasing the underlined material. Choice A repeats the original phrasing; the other four choices are different. If you think the original phrasing produces a better sentence than any of the alternatives, select choice A; if not, select one of the other choices.

In making your selection, follow the requirements of standard written English; that is, pay attention to grammar, choice of words, sentence construction, and punctuation. Your selection should result in the most effective sentence—clear and precise, without awkwardness or ambiguity.

6. With Americans consuming sugar in record amounts, nutritionists are urging the public to reduce its consumption of sodas, which have largely replaced other, more healthful, beverages.
(A) nutritionists are urging the public to reduce its consumption of sodas, which
(B) nutritionists have been urging that the public reduces its consumption of sodas; those
(C) the public ought to reduce its consuming of sodas, as urged by nutritionists, because they
(D) nutritionists urge about reducing public soda consumption, which
(E) less soda should be consumed by the public, urge nutritionists, which
Answer: A

7. Experts disagree about what is the definition of intelligence and how to measure it.
(A) what is the definition of intelligence and how to measure it
(B) how to define intelligence, and also its measurement
(C) how to define and measure intelligence
(D) defining intelligence as well as measurement
(E) the definition of intelligence and measuring it
Answer: C

8. In everything from finding comets to spotting supernovae, amateur astronomers have become so accomplished, and professional astronomers sometimes seek their help.
(A) accomplished, and
(B) accomplished, also
(C) accomplished that
(D) accomplished therefore
(E) accomplished when
Answer: C

9. Medical insurance coverage that requires high monthly premiums and that is beyond the financial means of many people.
(A) that requires high monthly premiums and that is
(B) that requires high monthly premiums and it is
(C) requiring high monthly premiums are
(D) with the requirements of high monthly premiums are
(E) that requires high monthly premiums is
Answer: E

10. Born of Ibuza parents in Nigeria, novelist Buchi Emecheta moved to England in 1962, since which she has lived in North London.
(A) 1962, since which she has lived in North London
(B) 1962 and has lived since then in North London
(C) 1962, since then she has lived in North London
(D) 1962 and lived since then in North London
(E) 1962, and living in North London since that time
Answer: B


1. In the figure above, line AB, line CD, and line EF intersect at P. If r = 90, s =  50, t = 60, u=  45, and w = 50, what is the value of x ?
(A) 45
(B) 50
(C) 65
(D) 75
(E) It cannot be determined from the information given.
Answer: C

2. The average (arithmetic mean) of t and y is 15, and the average of w and x is 15. What is the average of t, w, x, and y?
(A) 7.5
(B) 15
(C) 22.5
(D) 30
(E) 60
Answer: B

3. In the figure above, triangle ABC is inscribed in the circle with center O and diameter, line AC. If AB = AO, what is the degree measure of angle ABO ?
(A) 15°
(B) 30°
(C) 45°
(D) 60°
(E) 90°
Answer: D

4. Each of the following is equivalent to a/b (bc + k) EXCEPT
(A) a ((c+k)/b)
 (B) a (c + k/b)
(C) a/b (k +bc)
 (D) ac + ak/b
 (E) (abc + ak)/b
Answer: A

5. Based on the portions of the graphs of the functions f and g shown above, what are all values of x between -6 and 6 for which g(x) > f(x) ?
(A) -6 < x < -3 only
(B) -3 < x < 0 only
(C) 0 < x < 3 only
(D) 3 < x < 6 only
(E) -6 < x < -3 and 0 < x < 3
Answer: B

6. On Wednesday Heather ran 3 miles in 30 minutes. If she ran for 45 minutes at this rate on Thursday, how far did Heather run on Thursday?
(A) 3.5 miles
(B) 4 miles
(C) 4.5 miles
(D) 5 miles
(E) 5.5 miles
Answer: C

7. In a certain store, the regular price of a refrigerator is $600. How much money is saved by buying this refrigerator at 20 percent off the regular price rather than buying it on sale at 10 percent off the regular price with an additional discount of 10 percent off the sale price?
(A) $6
(B) $12
(C) $24
(D) $54
(E) $60
Answer: A

8. If t is a number greater than 1, then t2 is how much greater than t?
(A) 1
(B) 2
(C) t
(D) t (t − 1)
(E) (t − 1)(t + 1)
Answer: D

9. If the function f is defined by f (x) = 3x + 4, then 2f (x) + 4 =
(A) 5x + 4
(B) 5x + 8
(C) 6x + 4
(D) 6x + 8
(E) 6x + 12
Answer: E

10. If j , k , and n are consecutive integers such that 0 < j < k < n and the units (ones) digit of the product jn is 9, what is the units digit of k ?
(A) 0
(B) 1
(C) 2
(D) 3
(E) 4
Answer: A

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