Each sentence below has one or two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Beneath the sentence are five words or sets of words labeled A through E. Choose the word or set of words that, when inserted in the sentence, best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

1. Many private universities depend heavily on -------, the wealthy individuals who support them with gifts and bequests.
(A) instructors (B) administrators (C) monitors (D) accountants (E) benefactors

2. Many economists believe that since resources are scarce and since human desires cannot all be -----, a method of ------- is needed.
(A) indulged . . apportionment
(B) verified . . distribution
(C) usurped . . expropriation
(D) expressed . . reparation
(E) anticipated . . advertising

3. Nightjars possess a camouflage perhaps unparalleled in the bird world: by day they roost hidden in shady woods, so ------- with their surroundings that they are nearly impossible to -------.
(A) vexed . . dislodge
(B) blended . . discern
(C) harmonized . . interrupt
(D) impatient . . distinguish
(E) integrated . . classify

4. One of the characters in Milton Murayama’s novel is considered ------- because he deliberately defies an oppressive hierarchical society.
(A) rebellious (B) impulsive (C) artistic (D) industrious (E) tyrannical

5. The range of colors that homeowners could use on the exterior of their houses was ------- by the community’s stringent rules regarding upkeep of property.
(A) circumscribed (B) bolstered (C) embellished (D) insinuated (E) cultivated

The passages below are followed by questions based on their content; questions following a pair of related passages may also be based on the relationship between the paired passages. Answer the questions on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passages and in any introductory material that may be provided.

Questions 6-9 are based on the following passages.

Passage 1
I know what your e-mail in-box looks like, and it
isn’t pretty: a babble of come-ons and lies from hucksters
and con artists. To find your real e-mail, you must wade
through the torrent of fraud and obscenity known politely
as “unsolicited bulk e-mail” and colloquially as “spam.”
In a perverse tribute to the power of the online revolution,
we are all suddenly getting the same mail: easy weight
loss, get-rich-quick schemes, etc. The crush of these messages
is now numbered in billions per day. “It’s becoming
a major systems and engineering and network problem,”
says one e-mail expert. “Spammers are gaining control of
the Internet.”

Passage 2
Many people who hate spam assume that it is protected
as free speech. Not necessarily so. The United States
Supreme Court has previously ruled that individuals
may preserve a threshold of privacy. (line 16)“Nothing in the
Constitution compels us to listen to or view any unwanted
communication, whatever its merit,” wrote Chief Justice
Warren Burger in a 1970 decision. “We therefore categori
cally reject the argument that a vendor has a right to send
unwanted material into the home of another.”(line 21) With regard
to a seemingly similar problem, the Telephone Consumer
Protection Act of 1991 made it illegal in the United States
to send unsolicited faxes; why not extend the act to include
unsolicited bulk e-mail?

6. The primary purpose of Passage 1 is to
(A) make a comparison
(B) dispute a hypothesis
(C) settle a controversy
(D) justify a distinction
(E) highlight a concern

7. The primary purpose of Passage 2 is to
(A) confirm a widely held belief
(B) discuss the inadequacies of a ruling
(C) defend a controversial technology
(D) analyze a widespread social problem
(E) lay the foundation for a course of action

8. What would be the most likely reaction by the author of Passage 1 to the argument cited in lines 16-21 of Passage 2 (“Nothing . . . another”) ?
(A) Surprise at the assumption that freedom of speech is indispensable to democracy
(B) Dismay at the Supreme Court’s vigorous defense of vendors’ rights
(C) Hope that the same reasoning would be applied to all unsolicited e-mail
(D) Concern for the plight of mass marketers facing substantial economic losses
(E) Appreciation for the political complexity of the debate about spam

9. Unlike the author of Passage 1, the author of Passage 2
(A) criticizes a practice
(B) offers an example
(C) proposes a solution
(D) states an opinion
(E) quotes an expert


1. If 10 + x is 5 more than 10, what is the value of 2x?
(A) -5
(B) 5
(C) 10
(D) 25
(E) 50

2. The result when a number is divided by 2 is equal to the result when that same number is divided by 4. What is that number?
(A) -4
(B) -2
(C) 0
(D) 2
(E) 4

3. If this page was folded along the dotted line in the figure above, the left half of the letter W would exactly coincide with the right half of W. Which of the following letters, as shown, CANNOT be folded along a vertical line so that its left half would coincide with its right half?

4. A total of 120,000 votes were cast for 2 opposing candidates, Garcia and Pérez. If Garcia won by a ratio of 5 to 3, what was the number of votes cast for Pérez?
(A) 15,000
(B) 30,000
(C) 45,000
(D) 75,000
(E) 80,000

5. If a positive integer n is picked at random from the positive integers less than or equal to 10, what is the probability that 5n + 3 ≤ 14 ?
(A) 0
(B) 1/10
(C) 1/5
(D) 3/10
(E) 2/5

6. The height of a right circular cylinder is 5 and the diameter of its base is 4. What is the distance from the center of one base to a point on the circumference of the other base?
(A) 3
(B) 5
(C) √29 (approximately 5.39)
(D) √33 (approximately 5.74)
(E) √41 (approximately 6.40)

7. What is the greatest possible area of a triangle with one side of length 7 and another side of length 10 ?
(A) 17
(B) 34
(C) 35
(D) 70
(E) 140

Questions 8-10 refer to the following figure and information.

The grid above represents equally spaced streets in a town that has no one-way streets. F marks the corner where a firehouse is located. Points W, X, Y, and Z represent the locations of some other buildings. The fire company defines a building’s m-distance as the minimum number of blocks that a fire truck must travel from the firehouse to reach the building. For example, the building at X is an m-distance of 2, and the building at Y is an m-distance of ½ from the firehouse.

8. What is the m-distance of the building at W from the firehouse?
(A) 2
(B) 2 1⁄2
(C) 3
(D) 3 1⁄2
(E) 4 1⁄2

9. What is the total number of different routes that a fire truck can travel the m-distance from F to Z ?
(A) Six
(B) Five
(C) Four
(D) Three
(E) Two

10. All of the buildings in the town that are an m-distance of 3 from the firehouse must lie on a
(A) circle
(B) square
(C) right isosceles triangle
(D) pair of intersecting lines
(E) line


The following sentences test correctness and effectiveness of expression. Part of each sentence or the entire sentence is underlined; beneath each sentence are five ways of phrasing the underlined material. Choice A repeats the original phrasing; the other four choices are different. If you think the original phrasing produces a better sentence than any of the alternatives, select choice A; if not, select one of the other choices.

In making your selection, follow the requirements of standard written English; that is, pay attention to grammar, choice of words, sentence construction, and punctuation. Your selection should result in the most effective sentence—clear and precise, without awkwardness or ambiguity.

1. Since last September Patricia has been working at the convenience store down the road.
(A) has been working
(B) works
(C) is working
(D) will be working
(E) worked

2. When for the first time the United States imported more oil than it exported, Americans should have realized that an energy crisis was imminent and could happen in the future.
(A) was imminent and could happen in the future
(B) could happen imminently in the future
(C) will be imminent and happening soon
(D) is an imminent thing
(E) might be imminent

3. The article featured the Sea Islands because many were known there to live much as their ancestors of a century ago had lived.
(A) many were known there to live
(B) they were known there for living
(C) many of the people there were known to live
(D) of the many people, they were there living
(E) of knowing that many people lived there

4. Intimacy, love, and marriage are three different, if interrelated, subjects.
(A) different, if interrelated, subjects
(B) interrelated subjects, being, however, different
(C) different subjects, whereas they are interrelated
(D) different subjects when interrelated
(E) subjects that are different although being interrelated

5. Many eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Romantic poets were believers in rebellion against social conventions, express strong emotion, and the power of imagination.
(A) were believers in rebellion against social conventions, express strong emotion
(B) are believers in rebelling against social conventions, strong emotions being expressed
(C) who believed in rebellion against social conventions, express strong emotion
(D) believed in rebellion against social conventions, to express strong emotions
(E) believed in rebellion against social conventions, the expression of strong emotions

The following sentences test your ability to recognize grammar and usage errors. Each sentence contains either a single error or no error at all. No sentence contains more than one error. The error, if there is one, is underlined and lettered in brackets. If the sentence contains an error, select the one underlined part that must be changed to make the sentence correct. If the sentence is correct, select choice E. In choosing answers, follow the requirements of standard written English.

6. According to last week’s survey, most voters were disappointed by(A) legislators’(B) inability working(C) together on(D) key issues. No error(E)

7. When Marie Curie shared(A) the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics with two other(B) scientists—her husband Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel—she had been(C) the first woman to win(D) the prize. No error(E)

8. Every spring in rural Vermont(A) the sound of sap dripping(B) into galvanized metal buckets signal(C) the beginning of the traditional season for gathering(D) maple syrup. No error(E)

9. America’s first roller coaster ride, which opened in(A) 1884 at Coney Island, Brooklyn, and capable of(B) a top speed(C) of only(D) six miles per hour. No error(E)

10. The inflation rate in that country is so high that(A) even with(B) adjusted wages, most workers(C) can barely(D) pay for food and shelter. No error(E)

Find the answers here

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